(Filipino / English)

A

Abang                          to wait defensively
Abanico                       fan; also spelled “abaniko”
Abanico sa Itaas          upper flywheel
Abecedario                  “ABC’s”; the basics
Abierta                         open position
Agaw                            to seize, disarm or take away
Agaw-Sandata             disarming & retrieval of the weapon
Aldabis diagonal         cut, strike or uppercut
Alpabeto                      alphabet; the basics
Anim                            six
Anino                           shadow
Antas                           level or degree
Antaw                          long range
Apat                             four
Araw                            sun or day
Arnis                            harness; northern philippine martial art
Arnisador                     stick fighter
Arnis de Mano             “Armor of the Hand”; system
Atras                            retreat or backward
Avante                         forward

B

Babag                          worry; trouble
Bago                            new or before
Bagong-Pasok              entry level student
Bagsak                         to drop; overhead strike with down weighing
Baguhan                      beginner
Baitang                        level or stages
Bakbakan                     a rumble or free-for-all fight
Balaraw                       dagger
Baligtad                       reverse or inside out
Bali                              break
Balik                            return or retreat
Balisong                      “butterfly knife”
Balitok                         tumble
Banatan                       full-contact fighting
Bansay-bansay            training or drills
Bantay                         guard or watch
Bantay-Kamay             support or “alive” hand
Bara-bara                    wild or formless technique
Baraw                         dagger
Bartikal                       vertical cut/strike
Baston                         stick
Bati-Bati                      using the butt of the stick
Batikan                        noteworthy; certified expert
Baywang                     the hip
Bigay                           to give
Bigay-bali                    lock release technique
Bigay-galang               salutation
Bihasa                         expert
Binahagi                     cut into parts
Binali                          break or reverse
Bisig                            the arm
Braso                           the arm
Buah                           combination of footwork and form; application of technique
Buhat                          from or lift
Buhat Araw                 an overhead strike
Bukas                          open position
Buklis                          upward figure 8
Bulusok                       powerful overhead or diagonal strike
Buno                           takedown or throws
Bunot                          to draw a sword
Bunot Kaluban            an upward slash followed by a downward slash; 

C

Caballero                     techniques from Grandmaster Caballero
Carera                          cycling movement or spin
Cadena de Mano          chain of hands
Centro                           Center
Centro Baston               holding the stick in the middle
Cerrada                        close; closed fighting position
Cinco                            five
Cinco Teros                  “5 strikes”
Contra                          counter
Contrada                      opposite or counter
Corto                            close range
Cruzada                       cross-block and strike
Crossada                      to cross
Cuatro                          Four

D

Daga                            dagger or short stick
Dakop                          to catch
Dakot                           to scoop
Dalawa                        Two
Dalawampu                 Twenty
Dalawampu’t Isa          twenty-one
Dalawang                    double
Dakip                           capture
Dakip-Diwa                  mind-set
Damdam                      feel or sensitivity
Damdam-Diwa             sensitivity; being aware
de Cadena                   “the chain”
de Cuerdas                  “to chord”; system
Defundo                       stationary
Delikado                      dangerous
Depensa                      defense; person taking defensive role in training
Dib-dib                         the chest
Diin                              to put pressure on
Dikit                             close, attached or short
Dikitan                         very close or close quarters
Diwa                            mind
Djuru                            form
Doble                           double
Doble Baston               double stick training
Doblete                        double or repeat
Doce Pares                  “12 pairs or 12 strikes”; system
Dos                              two
Dos Labahas                two blades
Dos Manos                   two hands
Dos Manos Largos       two hands with long stick
Dukop                          to catch
Dukot                           to snatch or seize unexpectedly
Dukot                           to reach out
Dulo                             the tip of the stick
Dumog                         filipino grappling art
Dungab                        to strike with the fist
Dungab                        “heaven” or “hammer” grip
Duslak                          thrust

E

Elastico                        “rubber band art”; system
Enganyo                       fake or feint
Entrada                        entry
Equis                            “X” or “X” shaped strike
Eskrima                        “skirmish”; filipino martial art
Eskrimador                   stick fighter
Espada                         sword or long stick
Espada y Daga             sword & dagger or long & short stick
Estrilla                          Star

F

Fraile                           “to hit”

G

Galang                         Respect
Galing                          Skill
Gantihan                      Exchange of blows
Garote                          Stick
Garote’ng Itak              flat stick
Gitna                            Center
Gunting                        “scissors” or passing block
Guro                             Teacher

H

Habang                       while; in the meantime
Hagad-Hubad              strikes & counters
Hagis                           to throw; a throwing technique
Hagibis                        whirlwind; throwing & grappling techniques
Hakbang                      to step; footwork
Hakbang-Paiwas         full side step/step to avoid strike
Halo-Halo                    combination; free flow sparring
Hanay                          row or line
Han-ay                         form
Handa                          “Get ready !”
Hapos                           strike or slash
Hapsanay                     free sparring
Hatak                           to pull
Hataw                          a full power strike
Hawak                         to hold
Hawak-Gitna                holding the stick in the middle
Hawak-Pakal               reverse or ice-pick grip
Hawak-Punyo              regular hold on weapon with punyo
Hawak-Sagad              regular grip with no punyo
Hawak-Saksak            regular or hammer grip
Hawak-Sandata          methods of holding a weapon
Hawak-Susi                 reverse grip; holding at tip of stick
Higot                           to tie
Hindi                           no or negative
Hintay                         wait or pause
Hiwa                           to slash
Hubad                         to untie
Hulagpos                    to escape from capture or restraint

I

Ibaba                          down or below
Ibabaw                       above or on-top
Ikot                             turn or about-face
Ikot-Hantaw                spinning strike
Ilag                            to evade
Ilalim                         under or underneath
Ilustrisimo                  techniques from Grandmaster Anotio Ilustrisimo
Insayo’ng                   Training
Ipit                             to lock, trap or jam
Ipit-Hagis                   a sacrifice throwing technique
Isang                         Single
Itaas                          above, upper or to the front
Itak                            long sword or bolo
Isa                             One
Iwas                          to avoid, dodge or duck

J

Juego Todo                 anything goes or free-for-all fight

K

Kaayusan                    order or organization
Kabakas                      partner or assistant
Kadena                       chain or series of movements
Kadyot                        a shallow, snap thrust
Kalahati                      half
Kalas                          disengage, release or disarm
Kalas-Sandata            disarming technique
Kalasag                       to shield
Kali                             a southern Philippine martial art
Kaliwa                        left side
Kamay                        the hand
Kamayan                    empty-hand training
Kamot                         to punch
Kanan                         right side
Kapatid                       brother
Kasa                            to cock or chamber; to accept a challenge
Kasama                       companion/friends
Karunungan                knowledge
Katapatan                   loyalty
Katawan                     body or torso
Katipunan                   organization, association or brotherhood
Kenkoy                       derogatory term used for unrealistic or impractical styles of fighting
Kilat                            “Lightning Blow”
Kilos                            movement
Kilos-Paa                     footwork
Kina-Iya                       natural
Kris serpentine            blade knife
Kunsi                           grappling techniques
Kuntao                        “fist way”; system

L

Labaha                        blade
Labahas                       blades
Laban                          to fight
Laban-Handa               ready-stance
Laban-Laro                  combat drills or “play fights”
Labanang                     to fight
Labanang-Dikitan         close quarters combat
Labanang-Malapitan     medium range combat
Labanang-Malayuan     long range combat
Laban-Paluan               free-fighting
Laban-Sanay                combat-skills training
Labas                            the outside
Labing-Isa                     eleven
Labo-labo                     anything-goes fight
La Contra                      to meet a strike
Langka                         footwork
Lansi                            to confuse or misdirect
Lansing-Tadyak            spinning thrust kick
Lansing-Sikad              spinning snap kick
Largo                           long
Largo Mano                 long range
Largos                         long
Laro                             to play
Laro-laro                      give and take drills or training
Larong                         to play
La Seguida                  to follow a strike
Laslas                          to cut to shreds
Lastiko                        a style of arnis that emphasizes bobbing & weaving toavoid strikes
Lengua de Fuego        a fast series of thrust & slash techniques
Lihim                           secret
Lihis                             to the side or side-step
Likos                            twirl
Lima                            five
Liyad                           to lean away
Lock & Block               training drill from Serrada Eskrima
Loob                            the inside
Lubud                          to blend
Luma                           old
Lusob                          attack or partner taking offensive role in the training
Lutang                       unique forward and backward footwork of Ilustrisimo Syst  

M

Mabilis                            fast or speedy
Magaling                         highly skilled
Magisa                            alone
Mag-Olisi                        one who practices stick-fighting
Magulang                       parents; shrewd or sly
Mahina                           weak or of poor skills
Maharlika                       noble or nobility
Mahusay                         skillful
Malakas                          strong, powerful or influential
Malapitan                       near or close
Malayuan                       far or distant
Mandirigma                    warrior
Mano                              hand
Mano y Mano                  hand to hand
Marami                           many or numerous
Maraming Salamat Po    “Many thanks”
Marunong                       knowledgeable
Masipag                          earnest or hard working
Masugid                          dedicated or loyal
Matibay                           strong, durable or lasting
Matira                              to be left or to be the last
Matira Matibay                Survival of the Fittest
Mayto                              have
May-Alam                        to posses the seeds of knowledge
Medio                              medium range
Meteorica                        meteoric strike from Grandmaster Caballero
Mukha                             the face
Muli                                 again or one more time

N

Nakahanda                      ready
Naka-Upo                         seated
Nakaw                             to steal
Ng                                    of

O

Olisi                               Stick
Olisi-hay                        Sparring with sticks
Opo                                Respectful form of saying “yes”
Oracion                          a prayer for protection
Ordabis                          Backhand strike

P

Paa                                Foot
Paayon                          Going with the force
Paawas                          to parry
Pababa                          downward
Pag-Galang                    salutation or show of respect
Pagsasanay                    training
Pagsilang                       birth or sunrise
Pagsisisi                         atonement or repentance
Pahimsug                       exercises or calisthenics
Pahisa                            a slashing motion
Paikot                             rotate
Paikot                             circular strike
Paiwas                            to avoid
Pakal                              “ice pick” grip
Palad                              palm of the hand
Palakas                           strengthening
Palakas-Pulso                 wrist-strengthening exercises
Palis                                sweep or sweeping parry
Palis-Patid                       a sweeping throw
Palisut                             to scoop
Palisut-sut                       skipping strike
Palit                                change or exchange
Palit-Kamay                    change or exchange grip
Palitan                            alternating
Palo                                to strike
Paluan                            exchange of strikes
Pananandata                  study of the weapons of the Philippines
Pama-a                           footwork
Panastas                         to slash
Panata                            a devotion
Pangamot                       empty-hand defense
Pangandam                    on-guard or ready position
Pang-Ikyas                      evasion or dodge
Pangilog                         disarming
Pang-Olisi                       stick fighting
Pang-Ubot                       hold or grip
Panibago                        new or a revival
Pani-il                             footwork
Panimbang                     balance
Panipis                            to skim or cut thinly
Panukad                          fighting stance
Parusa                             punishment
Pasada de Contra            pass and hit
Pasok                               to enter, inside or on target
Pasulong                          forward
Pasungkit                         to thrust upward
Pataas                              upward
Patalim                            dagger or blade weapon
Patalon                             jumping or multi-level strikes
Patibong                           to trap
Patid                                 to trip
Patusok                             in a thrusting motion
Paulit-ulit                          repetitive
Pa-upo                              half side step/sitting down
Pauyon                             go-with-the force technique
Payong                             umbrella
Payong sa Itaas                upper umbrella block
Pekiti                                close range
Piga                                  to squeeze or wring
Piglas                               to struggle or resist
Pikon                                one who is easily upset
Piktos                                a snap strike
Pilay                                 sprain or dislocation
Pinahandog                      diagonal downward strike
Pinatag                             horizontal strike
Pinasaka                           diagonal upward strike
Pinasaka Tuhod                rising knee strike
Pinatindog                        vertical downward strike
Pingga                              a long staff fighting system
Pinid                                 closed position
Pintok                               a wrist snap strike
Pito                                   seven
Planchada                        a horizontal strike
Plansada                          horizontal cut/strike
Pluma                               pen
Po                                     a suffix denoting respect
Prakcion                           to react faster than the opponent
Pukpok                             to hammer or pummel
Pulso                                pulse or wrist
Puluhan                            handle or butt
Punong Guro                    head teacher & founder of system
Punyo                               butt of stick

Q

—-

R

Redonda                         continuous double stick technique
Redondo                         circular power strike
Retirada                          to retreat
Rompida                         an upward and downward slash
Ronda                             circular movement of the hands or weapon
Ropillon                          a double stick technique or movement

S

Sa                                   to or of
Sabayan                         Simultaneous; to attack or counter at the same time
Sablay                            Incomplete or imperfect; a low right to left horizontal blow
Saboy                             to throw or scatter; an upward right to left diagonal strike
Sadang                           reverse position
Sagang                           defense
Sagasa                           to charge or to overrun
Sakay                             to ride or go with the force
Sakay-Salag                   eskrima sticky hands; to follow the motion of
                                       the blocked/ checked weapon or attack
Sakong                           heel
Sakong-Palad                 palm-heel
Saksak                            to thrust
Sasak Hatak                    a technique using fast withdrawal and twisting of the weapon to                                    inflict a cut on the opponents checking or blocking hand
Salag                              block or parry
Salagba                         downward block
Salagbas                        outside dodging and parrying
Salag-Bisig                     forearm block
Salagsok                        inside dodging and parrying
Salagtas                         upward block
Salakay                          to charge or attack
Salamat                          to thank
Salamin                          mirror or reaction drill
Salisi                              opposing or opposite direction
Salok                              an upward strike with the edge or point
Saltik                              a snap strike
Salubong                        to meet head-on
Sama                              to join or go with
Sambut                          combination of footwork & form; application of technique
Sampu                           ten
Sanay                            training or exposure
Sandata                         weapon
Sangga                          to block
Saplet                            quick disarm
Sawali                           interwoven slats of wood use for walls
Serada                          closed
Serrada                         close quarters or “closing”
Sibat                             staff
Sibog                            retreat or backward
Sikad                            side kick
Sikad-Gilid                    side snap kick
Sikad-Hataw                 snap roundhouse kick
Sikad-Sungkite             snap hook kick
Sikad-Tusok                  front snap kick
Sikaran                         a Philippine martial art emphasizing kicking & empty handskills
Siklod                           to kiss the hand of an elder; a wrist lock
Siklod Bangga              a wrist lock that uses the shoulder as a leverage point
Sikmura                        solar plexus
Siko                              the elbow
Sikot                             push kick
Sikwat                          to pry; an upward strike with the punyo
Sikwat-Siko                  a come-along lock with the elbow as the primary lock
Silat                             to outmaneuver or overpower
Sinawalli                     to weave; a continuous double stick technique
Siniguro                      to make doubly sure; a follow-up trapping or jamming technique
Sipa                            to kick; also a game
Sipalit                         a training drill for alternating kicks
Sipang-Hataw             roundhouse kick
Siyam                         nine
Sogo                           finger-tip thrust
Solo                            single
Songab                       finger jab
Songkiti                      to thrust
Sugod                         to attack or rush forward
Suklian                       an exchange of strikes
Suko                           to surrender or give-up
Sulong                        to go forward or go ahead
Suliwa                        pass or deflect
Sumbalik                    counter
Sumbrada                  upper umbrella block
Sumpa                       a vow or oath
Sungkite                    a technique that emphasizes thrusts
Sundot                       a jab or quick thrust
Suntok                       to punch
Suplete                      quick disarm
Susi                            key
Suwag                        head-butt
Suyop                         a go with the force technique
Swapang                    selfish or self-interested

T

Tabas Talahib             a horizontal strike
Tabak-Toyok                nunchaku
Tadtad                         full of or multiples of
Tadyak                         thrust kick
Tadyak-Gilid                side thrust kick
Tadyak-Sakong            back thrust kick
Tadyak-Tusok               front thrust kick
Taga                             to strike or cut
Tagang Alanganin       an outwards horizontal strike aimed at the upper torso region
Tagang Buhat Araw     an overhead strike aimed at the top of the head
Tagang Pasumala        primarily a parry, a sweeping upward diagonal strikeweapon
Tagang San Miguel      a diagonal downward and inward strike aimed at the upper torso
Tagapagsanay              trainer or assistant instructor
Tagapagturo                 senior assistant instructor
Tala                              star
Talang                          Bartikal vertical block
Talas                             sharp or to sharpen
Talas Damdam             sensitivity training
Tapa                             to step on the foot
Tapi                              to parry or deflect
Tapik                            to nudge, defelct or parry
Tapi-on                         to block, parry, deflect or check
Tapi-Tapi                      checking; a series of parries & blocks
Tapos                           finished or the end
Tatlo                             three
Tatlumpu                      thirty
Tatlumpu’t Isa               thirty one
Tatsulok                        triangle
Taub                             facing downward
Tayo                             stance
Teka                             wait, halt or pause
Tiempo                         timing
Tigil                              stop or cease
Tigpas                          a horizontal strike directed at the knees
Tihaya                          facing upward
Tiniklink                       footwork drill
Tisod                            to stumble
Totsada                        to thrust
Totsar                           to thrust
Trancada                      to lock or locks
Tuhod                           the knee
Tulisan                         the knife-fighting art of Kali Illustrisimo
Tuloy-tuloy                   continuous
Tunga-tunga                medium range
Tuo                              to the right
Tusok                           to thrust
Tuyok                           cycling movement or to spin

U
Ulo                               the head
Upo                              seat

V

—-

W

Wala                            to the left
Walis                            to sweep
Walo                            eight
Warwok                       weapon hand capture that rebounds weapon into attackers body
Wetik                           wrist snap strike
Witik                            wrist snap strike

X, Y & Z

Yabag                           the sound of footsteps
Yabang                         show-off
Yakap                           hug, hold, embrace or clinch
Yantoc                          rattan stick
Yukbo                           salutation
Yuko                             to duck or bow